As the Islamic lunar calendar continues its cycle, millions of Muslims around the world eagerly anticipate the arrival of Ramadan, a month of fasting, prayer, and reflection. With the sighting of the new moon marking the beginning of this sacred month, the question of when Ramadan will commence and how the moon is sighted becomes paramount.

Ramadan 2024:

In 2024, Ramadan is expected to begin on the evening of Saturday, 23rd March, and will conclude on the evening of Sunday, 21st April. However, the exact start date may vary depending on the sighting of the moon, as per Islamic tradition.

How is the Moon Sighted?

The sighting of the moon to determine the start of Ramadan is a tradition deeply rooted in Islamic history and culture. It involves the observation of the crescent moon shortly after sunset on the 29th day of the preceding lunar month, Sha’ban. If the crescent is sighted, it signifies the start of Ramadan; if not, then the month of Sha’ban completes 30 days, and Ramadan begins the following day.

Traditionally, the moon sighting is carried out by designated religious authorities or committees in each region. These individuals or groups, often comprising experienced astronomers or scholars, scan the horizon with the naked eye or telescopes to catch a glimpse of the thin crescent moon. Once the moon is sighted and confirmed, announcements are made to inform the Muslim community of the commencement of Ramadan.

However, in modern times, advancements in technology have also played a significant role in moon sighting. Many Islamic organizations and mosques now utilize astronomical calculations and sophisticated software to predict the visibility of the crescent moon accurately. This approach combines traditional observation methods with scientific data to determine the beginning of Ramadan.

Despite these advancements, the moon sighting remains a subject of debate within the Muslim community. Some argue for the reliance on traditional visual sightings, emphasizing the spiritual significance of the practice and its adherence to Islamic teachings. Others advocate for the use of astronomical calculations, citing their accuracy and efficiency in determining lunar phases.


the start of Ramadan 2024 and the sighting of the moon are significant events for Muslims worldwide. Whether through traditional observation methods or modern technology, the sighting of the crescent moon marks the beginning of a month filled with spiritual devotion, self-reflection, and communal unity.

Published: 6th March 2024

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