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Monday, April 22, 2024
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How Mauritania Can Reduce the Impact of Climate Disasters on its Economy

How Mauritania Can Reduce the Impact of Climate Disasters on its Economy

Improving access to medical care as well as electrical energy can go a lengthy method toward reducing the prices to development from climate disasters

Climate-related natural calamities are coming to be much more frequent and extreme in Mauritania, exacerbating enduring obstacles like land and also facilities destruction, water tension, and food instability. After a serious dry spell in 2021, 20 percent of the populace dealt with intense food instability– the highest degree in the country’s history. Lower-income houses as well as ladies were one of the most impacted, as they’re disproportionally dependent on natural resources.

The price to Mauritania’s growth is considerable consequently. Our research reveals that generally Mauritania’s medium-term annual per head growth could drop by around 0.8 to 1 percent factors if a dry spell magnifies by 10 percentage factors. The rate of intense droughts is measured over 5-year home windows, based upon the impact on more than 0.01 percent of the populace. If a flooding increases by the very same amount, the hit to medium-term development would be around one-fifth to one-fourth of the drought-related effect on per capita growth.

Nonetheless, these losses can be mitigated with enhancements to medical care and also electricity, according to recent research. Expanding access to electricity for example can halve the financial losses caused by droughts. Electrical power aids alleviate water shortages by powering watering systems and deep tube-well pumps. However just 47 percent of the population has accessibility to electricity, as well as just regarding 5 percent in rural areas (according to 2020 data).


Many medium-term growth loss from floodings could additionally be erased with improved healthcare. A much better medical care system would limit disease spread after floodings and allow damaged populaces to go back to function quicker. Better accessibility to finance can additionally help offset the loss from droughts and floodings by offering a monetary buffer for households as well as companies or by financing investments in disaster-resilient farming.

The federal government is functioning to increase its electricity supply and urge financial investment in the renewable energy field, with the aim of reaching global gain access to by 2030. It has actually likewise devoted to global health protection by giving complimentary health care to the poorest. Achieving development with these campaigns might help in reducing the impact of environment modification.

Anta Ndoye is the IMF’s Citizen Representative for the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.
Jarin Tasnim Nashin is a Research Aide in the IMF’s Center East as well as Central Asia Department.
Onur Ozlu is an Economist in the IMF’s Center East as well as Central Asia Division.
Eric M. Pondi is an Economic Expert in the IMF’s Method, Plan and Testimonial Department.

Last Updated:  15 February 2023

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